This research will lead and support the marine science community as it augments and improves national marine monitoring to support environmental and cross-sectoral reporting and decision making at regional and national scale. A cost-effective marine and coastal monitoring system will incorporate existing methods and technologies in a national toolbox of standard monitoring approaches. This includes smart monitoring technologies and novel indicators; aligning existing monitoring programs; mining existing data and data aggregation, industry information, citizen science and traditional ecological knowledge, and modelling. By working with industries, indigenous communities, and marine organisations, we will foster a shared understanding of socio-ecological systems.